Analysis of Occupational Safety and Health Risks in Solid Medical Waste Management in Hospital
Keywords:Solid medical waste management, Accident Risk, Control Accident
AbstractBackground: The implementation of environmental sanitation in environmental media is carried out by treating hospital waste, namely infectious waste especially solid medical waste generated from medical services in hospitals. The purpose of this study is to analyze more deeply about the risks of occupational safety and health (K3) in the management of solid medical waste in hospitals. Purpose: to describe state or phenomenon about the system management of hospital waste from in-depth interview activities on solid medical waste management in hospitals. Methods:The type of research used in this research is quasi-qualitative. the technique used is in-depth interview observation and continuous documentation during the research. The informants in this study were the head of the waste handling installation unit, health workers who knew the flow of the medical waste management system and were willing to be involved in research and supporting informants, namely cleaning services who worked in the solid medical waste management section. Results: From the results research found that the processing of solid medical waste is carried out in hospitals by process waste treatment starts from sorting, collecting according to the color of the container yellow, risk of accident found, place used for transport medical waste, patients and corpses are still in the same path, and the cleaners service also does not use special clothing when transporting waste and sharps medical waste still uses open artificial cardboard or a safety box. Conclusion: Risk control should be carried out by complying with SOPs, however, it is still constrained due to a lack of infrastructure and inadequate facilities at the hospital.
Altin, S. et al. (2003). Determination of Hospital Waste Composition And Disposal Methods: A case study. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 12(2), pp. 251–255.
Amalia, Vina, et al. (2020). Handling Household Infectious Waste During the COVID-19 Outbreak." LP2M.
Arif, Ikbal (2013). Study of Handling Infectious Solid Waste at the Haji Makassar Regional General Hospital Laboratory. MKMI Journal, December 2013, pp. 230-235.
Asrun, A. M., Sihombing, L. A. and Nuraeni, Y. (2020). The Impact of Medical Waste Management Is Connected with Law No. 36 of 2009 concerning Health and Law No. 32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management. PAJOUL (Pakuan Justice Journal Of Law), Volume 01(1), pp. 33–46. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781107415324.00.
Choidiyah, S., Joko, T. and Setiani, O. (2019). Management of Hazardous and Toxic Waste (LB3) in terms of the Proper Index at Tugurejo Hospital Semarang', Journal of Public Health, 53(9), pp. 1689–1699. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781107415324.00.
Cropley, A. (2019). Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods. University of Hamburg. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3095.6888.
Damanhuri, E. (2010) Management of Hazardous and Toxic Materials. Bandung.
Dani Muhammad. (2022). Study of B3 Type Solid Waste Management at Bhayangkara Hospital, Surabaya.
Hesti, Yulia. (2020). Efforts to Handle B3 Waste and Household Waste in Overcoming the Corona Pandemic In Accordance with Circular Letter No. Se. 2/Menlhk/Pslb3/Plb. 3/3/2020 concerning Management of Infectious Waste (B3 Waste) and Household Waste from Handling Corona Virus Disease (Covid-19).
International Labor Organization (2020). In the face of a pandemic: Ensuring Safety and Health in the Workplace. Labor Administration. Labor Inspection and Occupational Safety and Health Branch (LABADMIN/OSH) Route. pp. 1–52.11.
Ismara, Ima, T. B. (2014). Textbook of Occupational Safety and Health (K3). Safety exists Occupational health (K3), p. 163.12.
Isy Kapurnama, Syauki. (2020). Literature Review: Potential of Pyrolysis-Based Waste Treatment Technology in Handling Waste of Personal Protective Equipment that Piled Up During the Covid-19 Pandemic."
Kardina Wilujeng Ika. (2021). Generics: Journal Of Research In Pharmacy. Occupational Safety and Health (K3) Risk Management at Grhasia D.I Mental Hospital. Yogyakarta. Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Indonesian Islamic University.
Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. (2016). Occupational Health and Safety Edited by S. Rejeki. Jakarta: Center for Health Human Resources Education, Development and Empowerment Agency for Health Human Resources.
Indonesian Ministry of Health (2020). Guidelines for Prevention and Control of Coronavirus
Disease (COVID-19). Guidelines for preparing for COVID-19. pp. 0–115.
Masita Alif. gift. (2017). Identification of hazards, risk assessment and control efforts in the waste treatment process at Muhammadiyah Lamongan Hospital. The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol. 6, No. 3 Sept- Dec 2017: 394403
Misdarpon, D. Fatori, M. (2013). Occupational Safety and Environmental Health Directorate General of Elementary and Secondary Education Management Ministry of Education and Culture pp. 1–107.
Ningrum Sacharina Surya, Abdul RohimTualeka. (2018). Risk Control Efforts in the Medical Sharps Waste Management Unit in Hospitals. JPH RECODE March 2018; 1 (2) : 98-108 http://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JPHRECODE19.
Nugraha, Chandra. (2020). Review of Infectious Medical Waste Management Policy for Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19). JUKMAS: Journal for Healthy Communities 4.2 (2020): 216-229.20.
Nugraha Winardi Dwi. (2020). Occupational Safety Risk Analysis Using the Hazards Identification, Risk Assessment and Risk Control (Hirarc) Method at the Btpldd Ptlr Batan Serpong Banten Laboratory.
Prasetiawan, T. (2020). The Problem of Covid-19 Medical Waste in Indonesia. Brief Info xii (9). 22. Regulation of the Minister of Environment Related to Management of B3 Waste and Household Waste from Handling Covid-19.
Permenkes number 17 of 2019 concerning Hospital Environmental Waste Management.
Permenkes number 27 of 2017 concerning Guidelines for Infection Prevention and Control in Health Service Facilities.
Siddik Salma. (2020). B3 Waste Management at Hospital X Batam City. Porch Engineering. Volume V, No. 1 January 2020 page 760-767 760 p- ISSN : 2528-3561 e-ISSN : 2541-1934
Upper Silferius. (2020). Analysis of 50 Effects of Covid-19 on the Dimensions of Human Life. Mobile Library. pp. 2018–2020.28.
Subhi Misbahul. (2020). Webinar on Medical Waste Management in Healthcare Facilities During the Covid-19 Pandemic."Conference On Innovation And Application Of Science And Technology (Ciastech). Vol. 3. No. 1. 2020.29.
WHO, UNICEF .(2020). Water Sanitation, Hygiene, and Proper Waste Management in Handling the COVID-19 Outbreak. World Health Organization. pp. 1–10:30 p.m.
World Health Organization .(2020). Consideration of Adapting Public Health and Social Measures in the Context of COVID-19. (April), pp. 1–7.
Yuantari MG. (2018). Analysis of Occupational Safety and Health Risks for Hospital Cleaners. Faletehan Health Journal,5 (3) (2018) 107-116 https://journal.lppm-stikesfa.ac.id ISSN 2088-673X| e-ISSN 2597-8667.
Yolarita Elsa. (2020). "Management of Hospital Medical B3 Waste in West Sumatra During the Covid-19 Pandemic." Journal of Health Ecology (2020): 148-160.